Environmental Enlightenment #199
By Paul Zumberge and Ami Adini - December 17, 2012

This is a SHORT, LIGHT and SIMPLE newsletter. Its purpose is to rekindle in the initiated terminology they have once learned, and enlighten the uninitiated on terms they may have heard but never knew the meaning of.

There’s Life in the Pits

Acknowledgement: Various materials in this newsletter have been borrowed from Wikipedia and reprocessed by the writer.

One studies the mechanics of the cosmos through examination of subatomic particles.


And they examine the mechanics of life through sub-entities that make organic cells and bacteria.

Bacteria are in a class of the tiniest living organisms. They range in shapes from spheres to rods and spirals.


Bacteria were among the first life forms to appear on Earth. They are present in most habitats on the planet, growing in soil, acidic hot springs, radioactive waste, water, and deep in the Earth's crust.


Image courtesy of NASA (http://visibleearth.nasa.gov/)

We find bacteria in organic matter and live bodies of plants, animals and humans. 

 

Bacteria in the human body outnumber the organic cells ten to one.

 

An ounce of soil can have over one billion bacterial cells, and one fluid ounce of fresh water can have 30 million bacterial cells.

The mass of bacteria on Earth exceeds that of all plants and animals.




In industry, bacteria are essential in the treatment of sewage, in the breakdown of oil spills, in the production of cheese and yogurt, in the recovery of gold, palladium, copper and other metals in the mining sector, as well as in the manufacture of antibiotics and other chemicals.


Bacteria often attach to surfaces and form dense aggregations called biofilms or bacterial mats. These films can range in thickness from a few micrometers (~25000 micrometers in an inch) to half a meter in depth, and may contain multiple species of bacteria. In natural environments, such as soil or the surfaces of plants, the majority of bacteria are bound to surfaces in biofilms.



An electron donor is a chemical entity that donates electrons to another compound.

Microorganisms, such as bacteria, obtain energy in the electron transfer processes. Through its cellular machinery, the microorganism collects the energy for its use. The final result is the electron donated to an electron acceptor within the organism.


Petroleum hydrocarbons, chlorinated solvents, and soil organic matter are all compounds that can act as electron donors. These reactions allow organisms to obtain energy and are involved in the natural biodegradation of organic contaminants. When cleanup professionals use natural attenuation to clean up contaminated sites, biodegradation is one of the major contributing processes.


Subsurface Metabolism Enhancement (SME, U.S. Patent #6,464,005) is a new development that accelerates the natural processes of biodegradation in the direction of producing total remediation in record time. SME gently works with the earth and the organisms for total eradication of invasive petroleum products.


(TPH = Total petroleum hydrocarbons)  (GRO = Gasoline-range organics)

Treating the subsurface organisms in their habitat as an inclusive, organic ecosystem, SME accelerates what the earth with its subsurface dwellers would slowly do on their own. SME energizes the subsurface microbial community to expand fast toward larger, newer and farther conquests, overcoming barriers of tight silt and clay formations. The only by-products of SME are harmless water and carbon dioxide.

SME is effective beyond any existing levels of performance by the technologies of yesteryear. With up to 99.99% eradication, SME far exceeds EPA standards. With multiple sites cleaned in Utah, Idaho, Wyoming and South Carolina, SME has proven effective in diverse environments.

There’s life in the pits, lots of it, and keeping to its mission with primordial tenacity.

For more information on SME, see our Environmental Enlightenment #198 newsletter.

You can find past issues of "Environmental Enlightenment" at www.amiadini.com Wealth of information about environmental site assessments in the real estate transactions and issues concerning assessment and cleanup of contamination in the subsurface soil and groundwater.

Call me if you have any questions. There are no obligations.

Ami Adini
Ami Adini & Associates, Inc.
Environmental Consultants
Underground Storage Tank Experts
323-913-4073; 323-667-2336 fax
mail@amiadini.com
www.amiadini.com

Ami Adini is a mechanical engineer, California Registered Environmental Assessor, Level II, and president of AMI ADINI & ASSOCIATES, INC. (AA&A), an environmental consulting firm specializing in all phases of environmental site assessments, rehabilitation of contaminated sites and upgrading of underground storage tank facilities. AA&A specializes in practical solutions to environmental concerns using the highest standards of ethics and integrity while providing its clients with maximum return on their investments.