Environmental Enlightenment #119

By Ami Adini - Reissued December 15, 2015

This is a SHORT, LIGHT and SIMPLE newsletter. Its purpose is to rekindle in the initiated terminology they have once learned, and enlighten the uninitiated on terms they may have heard but never known the meaning of.

Interesting Numbers

A solution is made of a solvent and a solute.

When sugar dissolves in water, sugar is the solute and water is the solvent.

The quality of being able to dissolve into another medium is solubility.

Different substances are soluble inside a given medium in different degrees.

Sugar and salt are both soluble in water, but sugar is more soluble than salt.

At room temperature, you can dissolve 15 pounds of sugar in one gallon of water; but only 3 pounds of table salt.

animated example
Benzene is a carcinogen. It has been discharged to groundwater from past generations of leaking underground gasoline tank installations.
Compared to salt and sugar, benzene’s solubility is miserably low; at room temperature you cannot get more than one hundredth (0.01) of a pound of it in a gallon of water. But, when you consider that the maximum level allowed in drinking water is one pound for every 120 million gallons of water, you can see that benzene is soluble enough to render vast amounts of groundwater undrinkable.
For example, one tea spoon of benzene completely solubilized will render 280,000 gallons of water undrinkable. At 8 cups a day, it will take you 1,500 years to drink that much water.

Credit http://etc.usf.edu/clipart/

You can find past issues of our "Environmental Enlightenment" at amiadini.com Wealth of information about environmental site assessments in the real estate transactions and issues concerning assessment and cleanup of contamination in the subsurface soil and groundwater.

Call me if you have any questions. There are no obligations.

Ami Adini Environmental Services, Inc.
Environmental Consultants & General Engineering Contractors
California Lic. #1009513 A B HAZ ASB
818-824-8102; mail@amiadini.com

Ami Adini is a veteran environmental practitioner with over 40 years of experience. He carries a Bachelor of Science degree (B.Sc.) in Mechanical Engineering including academic credits in Nuclear and Chemical Engineering and postgraduate education in these fields. His career includes design and construction of nuclear plant facilities, chemical processing plants and hazardous wastewater treatment systems. He is a former California Registered Environmental Assessor Levels I & II in the 1988-2012 registry that certified environmental professionals in the assessment and remediation of environmentally impacted land, and a Registered Environmental Professional (REP) since 1989 with the National Registry of Environmental Professionals (NREP). He is a California Business & Professions Code Qualifying Responsible Managing Officer (RMO) in the General Engineering Contractor classification with Hazardous Substance Removal and Asbestos certifications, and president of AMI ADINI ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES, INC. (AAES), a general engineering contractor and consulting firm specializing in environmental site assessments, rehabilitation of contaminated sites and removal of environmental risks from real-estate transactions. (Contact Ami for a complete resume.) AAES provides practical solutions to environmental concerns using the highest standards of ethics and integrity while providing its clients with maximum return on their investments.